CMCFeature-A cares for society for a better world.

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2068

SANTIAGO, Chile, CMC – October 29th marks the International Day of Care and Support, an occasion for stressing the importance of mobilizing efforts and pooling resources on a fundamental issue of justice and inclusion. This is about building a better society today that prioritizes care for people and the planet to have a better world tomorrow.

Latin America and the Caribbean face multiple crises that threaten to deepen historical inequalities. In addition to a low-growth trend that affects the possibility of creating better jobs, there is an environmental crisis and structural inequality that disproportionately affects women.

They face lower labor force participation than men, greater poverty, and an excess burden of unpaid and care work. The future has caught up with us, and the demand for care work is intensifying due to population aging, epidemiological changes, and the effects of climate change.

Against this backdrop, incremental changes are insufficient; bold policies are needed to redefine our course. We can build a future where burdens are shared fairly and time, resources, power, and work are redistributed to move towards a new development pattern and a more equal society.

In recent decades, we have documented the considerable educational progress of women, yet their labor force participation has yet to grow proportionally. Today, half of all women remain outside the labor market, unlike men, with a participation rate of over 75 percent.

This challenge is rooted in the sexual division of labor and, to a large extent, in the care work that falls mainly to women. In our region, time-use measurements show that women spend almost triple the time men spend on unpaid domestic and care work.

Thus, achieving equality and justice requires redefining these burdens and creating a caring society.

A society that reorganizes care fairly not only offers us an ethical way forward but also a strategy for boosting economies through a growing sector.

Strengthening the care sector in the economy and recognizing, redistributing, and reducing work that is currently unpaid by generating quality care-related employment is a crucial strategy for achieving gender equality, the well-being of society as a whole, and economic growth.

The economic contribution of unpaid domestic and care work represents 21.3 percent of GDP. Women make a percentage of this contribution.

There are reasons to be optimistic, but we must be proactive. Latin America and the Caribbean have a Regional Gender Agenda, designed and agreed upon by countries over the last 45 years in the framework of the Regional Conference on Women in Latin America and the Caribbean.

This agenda reaffirms the principles of universality and progressivity and the importance of co-responsibility for redistributing care work both between men and women and between the State, the market, communities, families, and individuals, which entails long-term economic compacts and the need to incorporate care objectives into all public policies, including those on education, health, social protection, and macroeconomic and fiscal matters.

We at ECLAC believe that the care society is a fundamental part of the structural transformation of our societies and should lead to the recognition of care as a right, as essential work, and as a sector with the potential to revitalize economies.

Promoting the care society calls on us today and every day to achieve gender equality and a more productive, inclusive, and sustainable future.

*José Manuel Salazar-Xirinachs is the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

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